Managing Environmental Protection and Economic Considerations Under Select U.S. Environmental Laws and Permitting Systems

By Scott Fulton, John Pendergrass, and Christopher Ibrahim

Environmental Law Institute

In response to growing concerns over increased air and water pollution, by the early 1970s the United States Congress had begun enacting a series of statutes that continue to shape environmental law today, more than four decades later.  The laws authorize federal agencies to regulate air quality, water quality, the management and disposal of solid and hazardous wastes; and to protect threatened or endangered species of plants and animals. Congress, in enacting these environmental laws, knew that it was imposing significant compliance costs on regulated sectors of the economy.

Green and Mean

By Paul Davies, Bridget Reineking and Andrew Westgate

China Business Law Journal

China has made rapid strides in developing a robust, modern environmental regulatory system in the past decade. This progress includes a policy framework overhaul triggered by the Environmental Protection Law (EPL) in 2014, an ongoing reform of emissions and discharges permitting a new draft Soil Pollution Law to impose liability for remediation of contaminated land, and the launch of the world’s largest emissions trading system in 2017.

China's Move to a Low-Carbon Economy

By Paul A. Davies and R. Andrew Westgate

Bloomberg BNA: International Environment Reporter


This article addresses one of the most far-reaching global anti-pollution measures seen: China’s nationwide carbon emissions trading system, to be launched in 2017, that will be the largest in the world. China’s ETS will expand the scope of worldwide GHG emissions covered by such systems from 9 percent to 16 percent.